“Education imparts knowledge, knowledge confers ability and ability develops skills with an individual explores the world.”
Education is the criterion for the progress of a nation or society. The more encouragements that the nation gives to education, the more it develops. The education policy of any nation depends on what kind of mental or intellectual awakening the nation desires to conceive in its citizens. According to this system only, the nation attempts to implement many reforms and schemes, so that the future generation can be developed mentally and intellectually according to the vision.
The education system in India
In the ancient days, India had a Gurukul education system which was the residential schooling system originated back around 5000 BC. In the Gurukul, the teacher generally called as “Gurudev” lives in his Ashram (i.e. home) with all his disciples. The students called “Shishyas” were taught about philosophy, arts, science, war techniques and how to live a well cultured and disciplined life. However, the biggest demerit of this education system was that only upper caste community such as Brahmins and kshatriyas use to get an education, this system was completely imparted the lower community people to get educated.
During the Medieval period, these Gurukul based education systems were dominated after British interventions. The modern education system was introduced during the British rule, Thomas Babington Macaulay included English in Indian education in the 1830s.
After independence, many commissions and organizations were formed in the country. Everyone has had anticipated success in the initial goal of ‘Basic Education’. Changing the education system of pre-independence, the primary education was made from the fourth to the fifth. Education commissions were formed in 1964, 1966, 1968 and 1975 AD. The education system of 10+2+3 was enforced in 1986. It has been implemented in many states of the country. This is called the new (current) education policy. In this, efforts were made to remove many inequalities and errors related to early education.
Its main features are:
Through the new education policy, the format of 10+2 in the schools of the entire country and the same graduation (3-yearly degree and for engineering 4-years) curriculum had implemented in all colleges. Students were aided by applying a uniform curriculum in all educational institutions of the country.
2. Changes in basic level:
Concrete measures had been taken at the elementary level in the new education policy. Under this, there is a compulsory proposal to open schools in every village and provision of minimum basic education to all sections of the people. Exclusive emphasis had been given to the people of the backward classes, as well as the emphasis on adult education. Anganwadi centers have been opened under informal education at various places throughout the country with the aim of educating the kids. However, the number of such centers is still very low.
3.Uniformity of life education:
The Education Policy had made experimental in line with life. In this, the achievement of various resources-government, semi-governmental and private aid resources has been made accessible for the development of education.
4. Special emphasis on modern resources:
In the new education policy, particular emphasis had given on the use of modern resources such as AIR, Doordarshan and computer, etc. Efforts are on to make use of these resources even more widespread.
5. Promotion of Central Schools:
New education policy intended to open at least one central school in every district of the country. Similar facilities are being provided to all the central schools.
6. Search for talented students:
For fulfillment of this objective, ‘Navodaya Vidyalayas’ has been set up at the district level, in which there is a provision for providing specialized level education. Residential facilities have been provided to all students here.
7. Improvement in Examination Method:
The new education policy has made special changes in the method of examination. In this, the practical experience and knowledge of the students have been made a distinctive basis.
Thus, if we evaluate the country’s new education system, then we see that its basis is experimental and practical. It denies many speculations in the past. The new education policy is playing a special role in taking the nation toward development.
Let’s have a glimpse on new announcements made by the Indian Government after the earlier ruling party came into the power again.
The new government is about to entirely focus on EQUIP i.e.Education Quality Improvement Programme. This strives only in quality education and education accessible to everyone in society.
Establishment of 200 more Central and Navodaya schools. These are HRD ministry controlled schools whose recognizable performances are even better than top private schools in the country.
Smart classrooms to the needy students in elementary and secondary schools.
Emphasis on an outcome based and knowledge oriented education system
The union government may enhance the intake capacity of central engineering, management, science and law institutions by 50% over the next five years.
“Prime minister innovative learning program”, under this all talented children will be identified across the country and will be provided them complete required facilities to develop their skills and knowledge so that any economic boundary should not be an obstacle for their development.
Finally, we will only come to know in the coming days that how many policies have been implemented from the promised. Only we can expect a better education system from every government in order to develop our country, Because
” Padhega India to Badhega India”